Iran violates The Universal Declaration of Human Rights law and executed dozens of Ahwazis

Several executions in Ahwaz in retaliation against the Ahwazis for the armed operation that targeted the Iranian military parade in Ahwaz on 22 September. After this attack, the Iranian authorities carried wide-scale detentions and crackdown, which began with the imprisonment of these 22 Ahwazis.

Iran has once again brutally retaliated against Ahwazi people who refuse to surrender to the relentless oppression from the regime, which has once again committed mass executions to remind the oppressed Ahwazis that the price of resistance is death – by hanging.

This barbaric repression tells the world once again that the Iranian regime which began with Khomeini in 1979 is still perpetrating its crimes against humanity in Iran.  The Islamic Republic is, however, not alone in its responsibility for these crimes. Ahwazis have been persecuted before 1979, in the era of Shah Reza Pahlavi.

The regime claimed that the men were linked to the armed operation despite the fact that they had no evidence of this whatsoever, and the men were not even afforded legal counsel or protection. Their families were told on Thursday 8 November that they had been executed by the barbaric practice of hanging.

According to the victims’ relatives in Ahwaz, on Saturday 10 November 10, 2018, the office of Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence of Ahwaz contacted the families of a number of Ahwazi prisoners and handed them documents relating to the death of their children but told the families they would only provide these documents to them on the condition that they did not carry out any funerals, nor receive any mourners into their homes. Moreover, the Iranian authorities cruelly refused to hand over the bodies of the ones they executed to their relatives.

It should be noted that Iranian security authorities in the past two months have carried out a wave of mass arrests in Ahwaz, described by human rights activists as random and arbitrary, where they have arrested over 900 detainees of political, human rights and cultural activists and including women, youths and even children.

Amnesty International’s report demands that human rights must be recognized as:

  • Universal: they belong to every single person
  • Inalienable: they cannot be taken away from us
  • Indivisible and interdependent: governments should not be able to pick and choose which rights are respected.

The Iran regime’s actions are the opposite to this and violate international human rights laws and obligations, for example under the United Nations Convention on Human Rights, when they acted to detain over 900 Ahwazi citizens for 45 days with no judicial proceedings.

Not only this, but the regime did not inform relatives of their family members’ whereabouts, but they also tortured the prisoners by physical, psychological and emotional means. Their families were also intimidated and traumatized by doing this, in addition to issuing (unlawful) pre-trial rulings.

The regime further piled indignity and sorrow on both the victims and their families by burying their victims in unmarked graves which is a grave insult and inhumane in the extreme. All of these actions violate the UN Declaration, which was adopted in 1948. This is not the first time the Iranian regime has carried out mass executions of Ahwazis and, each time, it has done so contrary to the Declaration they themselves promised to uphold by signing it in 1948.

Article 2 of the Declaration states that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind. But it is clear to see that the arrest of hundreds of Ahwazis at the hands of the Iran regime was the result of racism and discrimination towards all Ahwazis.

Article 3 of the Declaration states that everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person and Article 7 that all are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. The Iran regime has clearly violated these principles in all of their actions relating to the Ahwazi people and specifically those they arrest, torture, wrongly convict and brutally execute.

Article 9 declares that no one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile and Article 11 (1) that everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to the law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. The 22 Ahwazis executed this weekend were provided with none of these rights.

Article 12 of the Declaration states that no one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence. Contrary to this article, Mr. Mohamed Timas was arrested after he was following up the fate of his sons Nassar and Osama in Iranian courts. Article 20 states that everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Any of the victims of the regime’s latest massacre had only taken part in peaceful assemblies such as teachings and writing articles and poetry.

It can, therefore, clearly be seen that the Iran regime is in violation of most, if not all, of the Articles within the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and appear to be doing so on a consistent basis, entirely with impunity. They are now even attempting to murder Ahwazis who have sought exile as refugees in countries such as Denmark. Surely it is time for world politicians to hold Iran accountable for these human rights violations and for the world’s media to record them and put pressure on the regime to stop them immediately. There are still more than 800 Ahwazis in prison due to the largescale arrests made at the Iranian military parade in Ahwaz. This is the wholesale persecution of a people and the world cannot afford, for the sake of humanity, to ignore it; otherwise, many more innocent people will be tortured and killed.


Mostafa Hetteh


Amnesty International Canada, from

Iran HRM Human Rights Monitor. (2018, November 11), from

The Herald Report. (2018, November 11), from

The Gulf-European Centre for Human Rights. (2018, November 11), from

Iran Human Rights (IHR). (2018, November 11),from

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